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APA Style Guide

APA Style

APA (American Psychological Association)

American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in science and social science courses, such as Nursing, Psychology, Education, and Social Work.

Citing sources and creating a Bibliography:

  • Gives credit to the author(s)
  • Illustrates your ability to locate & evaluate appropriate sources
  • Provides evidence for the arguments and conclusions in your paper
  • Prevents plagiarism and copyright infringement

Useful Links


Print Book with One Author: Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of the book. Publisher.

Smith, J. J. (2014). How I survived high school. Funny Press.

Ebook with One Author: Author. A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work. [Ebook]. Publisher. Nondatabase URL

De Huff, E. W. (n.d.). Taytay’s tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. [Ebook].

Online Journal Article: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number)page range.

Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(3), 1245-1283.

In-Text Citation for Two or More Authors (From Columbia College Guide):
​​​​​​​In APA, in-text citations are inserted in the body of your research paper to briefly document the source of your information. Brief in-text citations point the reader to more complete information in the reference list at the end of the paper.

Number of Authors/Editors First Time Paraphrased Second and Subsequent Times Paraphrased First Time Quoting Second and Subsequent Times Quoting
Two (Case & Daristotle, 2011) (Case & Daristotle, 2011) (Case & Daristotle, 2011, p. 57) (Case & Daristotle, 2011, p. 57)
Three or more (Case et al., 2011) (Case et al., 2011) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57)


Available at the WLAC Library Reference Desk